What is hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy is used to diagnose or treat problems of the uterus. A hysteroscope is a thin, lighted
telescope-like device. It is the inspection of the uterine cavity by endoscopy with access through the
cervix. It allows for the diagnosis of intrauterine pathology and serves as a method for surgical
How is hysteroscopy performed?
Before the procedure, you may be given a medication to help you relax, or general anesthesia or
local anesthesia may be used to block the pain. If you have general anesthesia, you will not be awake
during the procedure.
A speculum is first inserted into the vagina. The hysteroscope is then inserted and gently moved
through the cervix into your uterus. Carbon dioxide gas or a fluid, such as saline (salt water), will be
put through the hysteroscope into the uterus to expand it. The gas or fluid helps your health care
provider see the lining more clearly. The amount of fluid used is carefully checked throughout the
procedure. Your health care provider can view the lining of your uterus and the openings of the
fallopian tubes by looking through the hysteroscope. If a biopsy or other procedure is done, small
instruments will be passed through the hysteroscope.